What the project aims to achieve is the recognition of the Great Wall as a living ecosystem, showing a different picture of the Wall, namely not the architectural nor historical sight, instead the human and natural ecosystem, exploring human activities in the area and understanding how they interact with the natural environment and the Wall and how these three elements are or can become mutually beneficial. During the fieldwork there will be a comprehensive observation and collection of information about the cultural peculiarities and natural uniqueness of the ecosystem. The project aims at correctly produce an innovative interpretation of the issue itself.

While travelling along the provinces, another purpose will be that of exploring Sino-European cultural relations through a bottom-up approach, showing that cooperation between two passionate foreigners and local long-established communities can be mutually beneficial, especially if the common aim is the conservation of an ecosystem, which is also a world heritage. Increase awareness on the importance of conservation, sustainable development, tourism sustainability, value and respect of local cultures, and on the close ties between nature and cultural heritage is another main goal. This goes well along with the aim of fostering Great Wall ecosystem environmental preservation through sharing positive practices and new solutions abiding from mutual dialogue and common experiences. Collecting and sharing views, tools, experience and examples of various local communities on development opportunities while respecting and conserving the environment, in order to conduct sustainable activities. 

All of this will be made stressing the splendor and variety of rural local cultures in China, less famous than touristic sights, nonetheless characterized by an equally relevant cultural heritage, fostering their conservation. Understanding whether habits, food, typical products, myths and beliefs of various communities living along different spots of the Wall share similarities due to this common characteristic; in other terms, the goal consists of understanding whether the Ming Dynasty Wall has been a “Great Road” connecting and influencing distant communities living along it. We intend to encourage this new study approach integration to existing ones.

At the end of the day, inspiring explorers and dreamers of all ages, showing that even small steps may have a positive impact on a wider community, is the final reason why this initiative came to life. The aim is to show that the Chinese proverb “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step” is not just a common saying, instead it can become true with the right balance between passion, reason and preparation.



Han 汉族

2020-08-29 16:04

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chinese culture, chinese opera, mandarin, han language,

Han 汉族

Discover the Han 汉族, one of the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in China.



Discover the Han 汉族



The 汉族 Han, with a population of 1.4 billion (2010), are the most numerous of the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in China. The Han people make up about 92% of the population in China and 19% of the global population.

The Han history is documented since about 1,000 BC and the Han people are believed to be descendants of the Huaxia tribe of the Xia dynastic clan, originally located along the Yellow River. The Han consider Qin Shi Huangdi as the first emperor of their imperial culture, but the Han Dynasty officialy conquered the Qin Empire only in 206 BC. Under the Han Dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE), paper and block printing were invented.


Traditionally, the Han lived along the Yellow River Basin, the Yangtze River basin, and the Pearl River, but through time they migrated in other areas of Asia. Their culture is mainly culture is agricultural and urban.

They speak several Han dialects, the most famous being Mandarin, also called “Han language” (汉语) or “common language” (普通话), the official language in China and the most widely spoken language by native speakers in the world. Han dialects are tonal language and they use “hanzi” (汉子) characters as their writing system.

The Han people are famous for their architecture style, their silk clothes, their varied cuisine, their eating customs and their festivals.



-          Chen H.W., “Harmonious China – Features of China’s 56 Ethnic Groups”, 2010

-          https://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/nationality/han.htm

-          The People’s Republic of China, “Sixth National Population Census of the People’s Republic of China”, 2010

Pictures credits

-          Chen Haiwen (group photo)

-          Xinhua News Agency (Han traditional clothes)

-          Hubei.gov.cn (Han opera red dress)

-          Zhu Xingxin, China Daily (Han opera actors)

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